COPYRIGHT RESERVED

2013

SPECIES SEARCH

 

TO SEARCH

THIS WEBSITE

 CLICK HERE

 
 

HOME PAGE

MAIN SPECIES PAGE

   

     HABITAT & CONSERVATION     WHAT'S NEW

 
 

GLOSSARY

     

siteowner1@virginmedia.com

 
             
             
 

ABDOMEN:

The last, and largest part of the body.

 

MANDIBLE:

Jaws, used to crush and consume food.

 
             
 

ABERRATION:

A specimen that is different to the normal appearance of others of its species.

 

MELANIC:

A black, or dark grey form of a species, i.e. the

 
             
 

AESTIVATION:

A summer resting period between stages of development, when no activity takes place.

 

METATHORAX:

The lower of the three components, or parts that make up an insects thorax.

 
             
 

ANAL CLASPERS:

Referring to the last pair of legs on the rear end of a caterpillar.

 

MOULTING:

When a larva sheds its skin, which is replaced from underneath with a new one.

 
             
 

ANISOPTERA:

The scientific term for dragonflies.

 

NIGRA:

A dark or melanic form of a species which is different to the normal appearance, i.e. the Scalloped Hazel moth.

 
             
 

APEX:

The top corner of the fore wing, where the side and leading edge join.

 

NYMPH:

The larval stage of some insects, i.e. dragonflies, damselflies and shield bugs.

 
             
 

BROOD:

A new generation of adult insects, some species have more than one generation each year.

 

OCELLI:

Referring to the tiny primitive eyes of a larvae.

 
             
 

CARBONARIA:

A black, or dark grey form of a species, i.e. the Peppered Moth.

 

ODONTA:

A collective term for damselflies and dragonflies.

 
             
 

CHRYSALIS:

Pupa, the stage between larva and adult.

 

OVA:

Egg.

 
             
 

CILIA:

The fine fringe of hair like scales around the edge of some moths and butterflies.

 

OVIPOSITING:

Egg laying.

 
             
 

CILIARY:

Relating to the cilia fringe; for instance dark ciliary lines found at the base of the hind wing of Agonopterix Ciliella.

 

OVIPOSITOR:

A tube, or duct female insects use to deposit their eggs.

 
             
 

CLAVIFORM:

Club shaped marking.

 

OVUM:

Eggs (plural).

 
             
 

COCOON:

Construction made by a larva in which to pupate.

 

POSTMEDIAN:

The part of the wing that falls between the centre and the outer edge.

 
             
 

COSTA:

Leading edge of the wing, opposite to dorsum.

 

PROBOSCIS:

Tongue, or feeding tube of a moth, or butterfly.

 
             
 

DIAPAUSE:

A summer resting period between stages of development, when no activity takes place.

 

PROLEGS:

The rear set of legs on the abdomen of a caterpillar, not including the anal claspers.

 
             
 

DIMORPHIC:

Different, i.e. the male and female Common Blue are sexually dimorphic, they differ in appearance.

 

PATAGIUM:

A part, or component of the upper thorax.

 
             
 

DORSAL:

Top of the Back.

 

PUPA:

Chrysalis, the stage between larva and adult.

 
             
 

DORSUM:

Trailing edge of the wing, or opposite to ventrum meaning front, or belly.

 

RENIFORM:

Kidney, or bean shaped mark.

 
             
 

FASCIA:

Outer, or visible surface area.

 

SCUTELLUM:

The scutellum is a small triangular plate on the thorax of some insects (i.e. shield bugs) behind the outer edges of the thorax,  and between the forewing bases.

 
             
 

FILAMENT/S:

Long thin fleshy protrusions that project from some larvae, i.e. the larvae of the Alder moth and the Light Emerald have filaments.

 

SEGMENTS:

The individual sections that make up the thorax and abdomen of some insects, like caterpillars and dragonflies.

 
             
 

FOODPLANT:

Plant, or types of plant consumed by some larvae.

 

SEMI-LOOPER:

A caterpillar that is not of the geometridae family, but doe's not have four pairs of true legs.

 
             
 

FRASS:

Waste products, or droppings (stools) passed by larvae.

 

SPIRACLE/S:

A row of small holes along the sides of caterpillars, used to breath.

 
             
 

FRENULUM:

A bristle present at the root of the hind wing of most moths which engages with a small hook on the forewing to join the wings together.

 

STIGMA:

A small spot, or mark.

 
             
 

GENITALS:

Sexual reproductive organs.

 

SUBRENIFORM:

Kidney, or bean shaped marking near the trailing edge of the wing.

 
             
 

HERMAPHRODITE:

Part male and part female.

 

SUBTERMINAL:

Near to the apex of the wing on the costa.

 
             
 

HETEROPTERA:

Referring to the family of insects that includes shield bugs.

 

TEGULA:

A part, or component of the thorax.

 
             
 

HIBERNATION:

A period of deep sleep and totally inactivity, resembling a comatose condition,  used to pass through the cold winter months.

 

TENERAL:

Some adult insects such as dragonflies, and shield bugs do not achieve their mature colouration immediately on emergence. At this immature adult stage they are referred to as 'Teneral'.

 
             
 

IMAGO:

An adult (mature) insect.

 

TERMEN:

The outer edge of the wing, adjoining the leading and trailing edges of the wing.

 
             
 

INCUBATE:

The period after eggs being laid, and up to hatching out.

 

THORACIC:

Relating to the thorax.

 
             
 

INSTAR:

The stages of a larva between skin moults.

 

THORAX:

The second largest of the three main body parts of an insect, that comes between the head and the abdomen.

 
             
 

LARVA:

A young insect, between the egg and pupal stages. Only moth and butterfly larvae are called caterpillars.

 

TORNUS:

The lower corner of the outer edge of the wing, adjoining the trailing edge and outer edge of the wing.

 
             
 

LARVAE:

More than one caterpillar (plural of larva).

 

TORPID:

A temporary state of dormancy, inactivity or sluggishness. Insects that play dead as a defensive measure are said to be torpid, also become torpid when the temperatures are to low for them.

 
             
 

LEPIDOPTERA:

A collective term for butterflies and moths.

 

TRUE LEGS:

Legs on the thorax.

 
             
 

LEPIDOPTERAN:

A member of the family of lepidoptera.

 

ZYGOPTERA:

The scientific term for damselflies.

 
             
 

LOOPER:

A geometridae caterpillar with only two pairs of true legs.

       
             
             
 

HOME PAGE

MAIN SPECIES PAGE

   

siteowner1@virginmedia.com

 
 

 

     

COPYRIGHT RESERVED 2011